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Kerala Travel Guide: A Paradise Worth to Visit

Kerala , a state of India, has nearly 600km of Arabian Sea shoreline. Kerala is located in South India and its capital is Thiruvananthapuram and is often referred to as God’s Own Country. According to Hindu mythology, Kerala was created by Lord Parshurama, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu by throwing his axe across the sea to create a new land for his devotees to live peacefully. So, Kerala is God’s own creation, hence it is called God’s own country. This beautiful land is rightly called the paradise given due to its lush green scenic landscapes and beautiful clear beaches that will leave you amazed. As we all know that, Kerala is blessed with natural beauty and its ecological diversions. It is one of the popular tourist destinations in India. Now let us know,  

Read, Best Places to Visit in Kerala Ideal for Family Tour



  •  Kerala is the state where rainfall enters first signaling the arrival of the monsoon across the country. It receives an average annual rainfall of 3107mm which means 7,030 crores cubic metres of water. This compares to the overall India average is 1197 mm. Weather experts claim that the early onset of southwest monsoon over Kerala is due to the influence of the remnants of Cyclone Asani that triggers the cross equatorial flow, which is a key factor for the seasonal rains. As last year too, a cyclone named, Yaas, had caused the timely arrival of monsoon in Andaman and Nicobar islands.  During this time, one can see the sights of greenery getting denser and vibrant, making it more blissful and beautiful. 

  • Education in  Kerala 

  •  Kerala ranks as one of the most literate states of India with a literacy rate of 93.91%. The government of Kerala has put a huge amount of budget in the development of education sector. Schools in Kerala are run by the government, individuals and private trusts. It has shown a tremendous growth in the educational facilities at all the levels during the last 50 years. So, as per going by the) statistics given by the Education Department of Kerala, there are 1400+ schools, 160k+ teachers and 20k+ non-teaching staff. The schools in Kerala are affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), National Institute of Open Schooling(NIOS), Indian Certificate of Secondary Education(ICSE)and Kerala State Education Board(KSEB). This state has a total number of 16 universities. There are more than 1000 colleges in Kerala offering a degree in Arts, Science and Commerce stream. 20 colleges of Kerala are ranked under the top 100 colleges of India in NIRF 2020. As per NIRF ranking, Kerala University and Mahatma Gandhi University of Kerala are among the top 30 universities of India. In Kerala, 96.02% men and 91.98% of women are literate as against 82.14% of men and 65.46% of women at the all India level. Among districts, Kottayam topped in literacy with 97.2% and Pathanamthitta with 96.5% whereas Wayanad and Palakkad have the lowest literacy rates of 89% and 89.3%. Even the Wayanad with the lowest literacy rate of 89%, it is still higher than the national average.

  • Lifestyle of Kerala 

    • The people of Kerala dress in a very ordinary style. They do not believe in show off. They are always content with their quality of life. The people of Kerala are known as Malayalis because they speak Malayalam language. They are polygenetic and belong to different religions and ethnic groups. The people of Kerala are very down to earth and are very simple. They are original and like to live in their own world of simplicity. The Keralites are very protective about their ancient practices, rituals, religion and traditions. They are very proud of their culture and can go to any extent to preserve them. The lifestyle of Keralites is a very uncomplicated and they seem happy as they enjoy the simple pleasures of life. They are very progressive in terms of healthcare, physical quality of life and cleanliness. Most people can easily have conversation in English and they try to make sure that their kids receive education till the primary class level. They are very particularly conscious about their health and they stick to a balanced diet. They look for mental satisfaction more than the materialistic pleasures. The men mostly wear dhoti, also called as Mundu with a cotton shirt or a cotton lungi with a towel on top. The women wear a traditional unique dress called as Set Mundu which requires draping skillfully two pieces of long cloth on oneself. This dress is similar to a saree which is worn over a blouse. The men in cities wear shirts and pants whereas the women wear saris. The younger generation follows fashion and wear anything from their choice from jeans to salwar- kameez. 

  • Infrastructure of Kerala

  • As we all know that Kerala is better than many states as far as social and economic factors are concerned but it lacks in infrastructure because this state is a biggest tourism spot and is blessed with beautiful beaches, hills, backwaters and lovely climate. Well, but the state has been making huge investments in the field of infrastructure from the past decades. A chain of a large number of hotels, convention centers, shopping malls had been built in the different parts of the state rapidly. After the completion of the Cochin International Airport Project, the first airport in the country was to be built with the participation of the private sector. Major tourism projects have been launched by covering in all the non-residents of Kerala. There are certain development in the tourism in the Medical field as more and more money was spent in building super specialty hospitals. But, the social infrastructure in Kerala is the best among all the states in the country. As we all know that the literacy level in the state is the highest with 90.09 percent   compared to the national average of 65.4 percent, with free and compulsory school education. Kerala is small piece of land which has heavy population and with a lots of greenery in its environment. Like any other states, it does not have barren lands which can be used to create major roads. It will require shifting/relocation of thousands of families, and a high level of deforestation of prestigious forests to create good highways in Kerala within its nerve centers. Among the other Indian states, Kerala has the highest road density. Every corner or exit points of the state has its motorways with a well-developed public and a private transportation system that facilitates the smooth flow of transportation of people and goods in the state. The National Highway Wing of State PWD is responsible for the maintenance and development of National Highways in the State mainly with the funds allocated by the government of India. There are nine National Highways together constituting 1747.251km length in the state. National Highway 66(India) is the longest highway in Kerala with a length of 1640km. Although the public transport system is the best in Kerala due to its extensive nature which is comparatively larger than the most metro cities. There are 8 national highways in Kerala with a total with a total stretch of 1457kms.The Palakkad-Thrissur-Kochi stretch of NH 47 is a part of North-South and East-West corridor of the Indian Highway system. The government of Kerala had established the Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC).   The Kerala Urban Road Transport Corporation (KURTC) is owned by Government of Kerala, and is a bus company run under the state which operates more than 500 low-floor buses (A/C and NON A/C).

  • Cuisines of Kerala

Cuisines of Kerala offers a multiple range of dishes both vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes. Kerala has been known as the “Land of Spices” because it had traded spices with Europe as well as with many ancient countries. Chillies,  curry leaves, turmeric, tamarind, mustard seeds, asafetida, coconut and other spices are also used in the preparation of the dishes. Though, the whole state of Kerala is filled with tall trees of coconuts. You can find coconut in every dish served here. Also, the word ‘kera’ means coconut tree in Malayalam language and ‘alam’ refers to land. Kerala is not only known for its spices but it is also known for its herbs with the medicinal properties such as turmeric, cinnamon, ashwagandha, brahmi, amalaki, bharangi, and phyllanthus Amarus and many more are found in abundance in Kerala. So, if you come to Kerala, you mustn’t leave Kerala without trying these dishes because if once you try, you’ll definitely love these dishes which are –  

  • Appam . 
  • Kerala prawn curry.
  • Pumpkin and lentils curry. 
  • Malabar Parotta with Kerala beef curry
  • Karimeen pollichathu
  • Palada payasam
  • Fish moilee.
  • Thalassery biryani  

According to BBC study, Kerala ranks as the highest per capita alcohol consumption amounting to 8 litres per person per year. This per capita consumption is even more than Punjab and Haryana which are considered to be the hard bent drinking states. There are about 337 liquor shops run by the Kerala State Beverages Corporation (KSBC). 

  • Kerala- The second least corrupted state in India 

  • Kerala experiences about 4 percent corruption in the public service sector according to the reports of Indian Corruption study of 2017. The least corrupt state was   Himachal Pradesh with a bribery percent of about 3%.  

  • Most Cleanest State of India

  • According to the survey conducted by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), Kerala is one of the cleanest states of India along with the Sikkim. Along with being the most clean state of India. It also offers the necessary facilities in every corner of the state like hospitals and banking facilities, in its every remote area and thus increasing its overall development.  

  • Employment of Kerala 

  • Agriculture is the main occupation of the people living in Kerala. Nearly half of the population depend upon agriculture for their daily livelihood. Kerala is a major producer of rubber, cardamom, pepper, coconut, cocoa, ginger, cashew, tea ,coffee. Handicraft is also one of the major industries in Kerala which has contributed to the generation of employment opportunities in that state. It’s major handicraft products include :- bell metal casting, mat weaving, ivory carving, reed weaving, bamboo, coconut shell carving etc. The most profitable business in Kerala is the agriculture, garment industry and tourism. But still there are no industries in Kerala because of lack of availability of land and a high density of population.

Purnima Handa

Author and Travel Blogger

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